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Research Snapshots are brief, clear language summaries of research articles, presented in a user-friendly format.

EENet's latest Research Snapshot is based on the article, “Mental health interventions for First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples in Canada: A systematic review” which was published in The International Indigenous Policy Journal, in 2021.

What you need to know

First Nations, Inuit, and Métis (FNIM) people in Canada report higher rates of anxiety, depression, and attempted suicide compared with non-Indigenous people. Mental health disparities exist further within FNIM populations, including those living on reserves compared to urban areas. There is a need to develop and deliver culturally based programs designed specifically for FNIM peoples in Canada. Most program addressing poor mental health have come from Western science and these have provided benefits, however the researchers examined if programs designed by or for Indigenous communities provided additional benefits that could compliment Western approaches. This review identified three components that improve the mental health outcomes of FNIM peoples in Canada. These include:

  1. culturally grounded indoor and outdoor activities
  2. Elder and peer mentorship, and
  3. participating in collective activities with other Indigenous peers and an Elder, including ceremony, being on land, engaging in traditional food gathering.

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